Is it possible to know the entire configuration of a Rubik's cube looking at only two sides and not rotating the cube? In other words: what is the minimum information required to create a two-dimensional map of a $3\times 3\times 3$ Rubik's cube?
Take a solved cube and flip all four edges with a red face. Now you can permute those edges freely without the effect being visible on any other side than the one with the red center. So even seeing five sides of the cube is not enough to reconstruct the last one.
(And by "freely" I mean that any even permutation of the edges can be reached by legal cube moves, of course).