This is a question from an algebra homework and I am just looking for some tips.
The question is: We have:
- $M$: an $n\times n$ matrix with real entries
- $c$: a real constant
- the sum of the entries of each column of $M$ is equal to $c$
We have to prove that $c$ is an eigenvalue of $M$.
I started out by writing out the form of the matrix and see if anything was popping up without much success. I found a similar question except that they were working with a $2\times 2$ matrix and that the sum of entries in each column $= c$ as well as the sum of entries in each row. Also, in this question they are looking for eigenvectors. In this case the question is pretty easy as we can notice that each column or row is composed of the same entries (in different order or not).
Hence I looked at the sum in the columns to find some kind of pattern or hint that could help me solve this question without any success. It is obvious that the entries in each column might not be the same.
Anyhow I am stuck there.
Again I am not asking for the answer, just a hint.
Thank you for your time and good luck.