If there are 5 points on the surface of a sphere, then there is a closed half sphere, containing at least 4 of them.
It's in a pigeonhole list of problems. But, I think I have to use rotations in more than 1 dimension.
Pick two distinct points out of your 5 (if all 5 are identical then they clearly all lie in a single hemisphere). These two points define at least one great circle (if they're antipodal, they define infinitely many); pick a great circle they define. This circle then cuts the sphere into two hemispheres. Now pigeonhole the other three points between these two hemispheres.
Thank you for your interest in this question.
Because it has attracted low-quality or spam answers that had to be removed, posting an answer now requires 10 reputation on this site (the association bonus does not count).
Would you like to answer one of these unanswered questions instead?