# How do you say $10$ when it's in binary?

I always assumed $10$ was pronounced "ten" regardless of whether it's binary, decimal, or another system, just like how 5 is "five" in all systems that the digit exists exists. But someone told me that, if it's not base-10, it should be pronounced "one-zero", and that "ten" is the name of the number, not the ordered group of digits. I see no reason why it should, as taking that logic to hexadecimal, a should be called "ten", b "eleven" and so on. To me, that sounds like it would create more confusion. However, I have nothing to support (or refute) my view (neither does he, so far).

So, what is it, really? Or is it personal preference?

• If in hex you call 10 "ten", what would you call 1F?
– user856
Sep 19, 2011 at 10:17
• I would pronounce it 'two'. In order to remove potential for ambiguity, names for numbers should refer to their value and not to their representation in a particular notation (even though we derived the names from our experience with a base-10 system). Therefore '10' in binary notation is 'two' and '10' in decimal notation is 'ten' and '10' in hexadecimal is 'sixteen'. Similarly 'a' in hex is 'ten', 'b' is 'eleven' et cetera, just as you guessed. To fully remove ambiguity you can subscript the notation with the base, as in '$10_{10}$' for ten (in decimal) and '$11_2$' for 'three' (in binary). Sep 19, 2011 at 10:27
• @Rahul, i propose fteen :)
– Mike
Sep 19, 2011 at 10:27
• See the Schoolhouse Rock video on "Little Twelvetoes", and how he counts. youtube.com/watch?v=Myu_5eNdSJo&hd=1 Sep 19, 2011 at 14:06
• @Rahul: In hex, you call $10$ "sixteen". In hex, $\mathrm{A}$ is "ten". $1\mathrm{F}$ is "thirty one" or "one-F base sixteen".
– robjohn
Sep 19, 2011 at 20:49

As a professor who faces this issue every time I teach (cryptography and algorithms both tend to run into non-decimal bases), I have the following policy:

• If decimal, just say the number (with the word "decimal" if we're mixing contexts)
• If any other base, read the digits and say the name of the base

So I might say, "therefore the answer is one-zero-one binary, or 5 decimal."

I would never call 10 hex "ten". Nor would I call 10 binary "two."

The confusion here reminds me of this T-Shirt:

• That joke could be one of the reasons I thought about it the way I did in my question. To say the joke out loud, you basically have to call it "ten". But beyond that, it seems my view is the wrong (or at least, less popular) one. Sep 19, 2011 at 23:04
• @Albey: The joke doesn't work so well when said out loud; I think it's doomed to be a T-Shirt (or bumper-sticker or email sig, etc) identifying the wearer as a huge nerd. :) Sep 20, 2011 at 0:12
• It works perfectly when said out loud. You pronounce it the normal way it would be pronounced -- "one zero". Dec 21, 2011 at 23:08
• "There are 10 types of people: those who understand ternary, those who don't, and those confuse it with binary". And so on, extending it to other bases. :-) Because of course, every base is base 10. Dec 22, 2011 at 8:06
• @DavidSchwartz: If you say it out loud as "one zero", then it doesn't "work perfectly" in the sense that it's no longer a joke, because it's not as unexpected. The "joke" in the written version is that you naturally read "10" as "ten", and then only when you encounter the word "binary" (or reach the end of the sentence) do you to reinterpret what "10" meant. With "one zero", the interpretation is held in abeyance until explanation is given... a listener doesn't automatically interpret "one zero" as "ten" the way a reader interprets "10" as "ten". Dec 22, 2011 at 10:09

I'd say "two"... A professor at my university said that you should call it with its actual "value", so 10 in binary is "two" in value. "Ten" means 10 units (in decimal), or 1010 in binary. Anyway I think it's just his own opinion.

one plus one is two in any base, whether it is binary or decimal. ** is two asterisks, not "ten base two". "binary ten" or "ten base two" would be the binary representation of ten, which is $$1010_{two}$$, not $$10_{two}$$ which is two.

$$10$$ when it's in binary is two, just as when it's in decimal, $$10$$ is ten.

Of course, when read as a string of numerals, it is perfectly valid to read $$10$$ as "one-zero", no matter what base it is in.

If you are thinking of these numbers as just strings of digits then, when speaking, I would just list the digits. Otherwise I would say "binary ten." If, after some conversation in which every number mentioned is a binary number I would suggest we simply drop the word "binary." If this is written I would use the notation Chris Taylor describes.

• May I request you change the phrase "binary 10" to use only letters and not digits? Sep 19, 2011 at 19:59
– Jay
Sep 19, 2011 at 20:02

So in most languages one reads "1111" as "one thousand, one hundred, ten and one" (though in English we use the dozenal word "eleven" instead of "ten and one"). One may also read it as “one, one, one, one” but that is not the number's proper name, but merely a list of its numeral digits. One could read this number as “fifteen”, but that is properly a decimal name for it (five tens), and it gets confusing when one starts reading “1010 0100” as “one hundred sixty two”, which names the number by its decimal representation rather than its binary representation. Both digit reading or decimal naming seem wrong. A better method would be to name numbers using the names of the digit place holders and the name of the quantities these represent (which is exactly how we do it with decimal numbers).

In decimal, we have special names for the powers of ten, which become the name of the digit's placeholder in a numeral. In British English these are:

one (unit), ten, hundred, thousand, ten-thousand, hundred-thousand;

million, ten-million, hundred-million, thousand million, ten-thousand-million, hundred-thousand-million;

billion, ten-billion, hundred-billion, thousand-billion, etc.

As one can easily see, the British naming is systematic, cycling every six digits.

Just as it is important for number literacy that a student not think of the numeral 1 in decimal 6173 as representing one unit, but as representing a hundred units, so the student looking at the 1 in binary 0100 should not think of it as representing one unit but as representing eight units.

Once I teach my students how to read binary numerals using place-holder names, they begin to really understand the number that the numeral represents. So I teach my students that in binary, we can name the place of digits in the same systematic way using existing binary names, and thus produce appropriate binary names for the numerals:

one (unit), two, four, eight, nibble, two-nibble, four-nibble, eight-nibble;

byte, two-byte, four-byte, eight-byte, nibble-byte, two-nibble-byte, four-nibble-byte, eight-nibble-byte;

bibyte, two-bibyte, four-bibyte, eight-bibyte, nibble-bibyte, two-nibble-bibyte, four-nibble-bibyte, eight-nibble-bibyte;

Note that since binary does not have numerals 2, 4, or 8, the words "two", "four", and "eight" always indicate the digit's place and quantity.

This naming is systematic, cycling every eight digits Here is an example of the convention using a binary numeral with twenty four bits (I divide the bytes in half with a comma to make it easier to identify the nibbles): 0001,0100 1111,1111 0110,1001 “One nibble; and four bibytes, Eight-, four-, two-, and one-nibble; and eight, four, two, and one bytes, Four- and two-nibble; and eight and one (units).”

This same system can be also used in quaternary, paired down so it cycles every four digits: units, fours, nibbles, four-nibbles, bytes, four-bytes, nibble-bytes, four-nibble-bytes, bibytes, four-bibytes, nibble-bibytes, four-nibble-bibytes, tribytes, etc. quadrabytes, etc. Here is the quaternary convention using twenty four bits: 0110 3333 1221 “One-nibble and four bibytes; Three fours- and three nibbles and three- fours and three bytes; Four- and two nibbles; and two fours and one (units).” (Note: since the numeral 4 is not used in quaternary, the word “four” always indicates a decimal place.)

(Note: Since the quaternary numeral “1111 1111” uses only the digit 1, it can be expressed in binary using alternate 0s and 1s, namely “01010101 01010101 01010101.” These two numerals are named exactly the same: “Four and one nibbles, four and one bibytes; four and one nibbles, four and one bytes; four and one nibbles, four and one (units).”)

This system can also be used in hexadecimal, cycling every two digits: one (unit), nibble, byte, nibble-byte, bibyte, nibble-bibyte, tribyte, etc. quadrabyte, etc.

The hexadecimal numeral “14 FF A9” is pronounced: “One nibble and four bibytes; Eff nibbles and Eff bytes; Ace nibbles and nine (units).” NB: We say “Ace” instead of “a” so that the numeral A (one more than nine) is not confused with the indefinite article. Thus “Ace-nibble” equals decimal one-hundred sixty; but “a nibble” is “one nibble”, i.e. decimal sixteen. The hexadecimal numeral “11 11 11” is pronounced exactly the same as the quaternary numeral “0101 0101 0101” and the binary numeral “00010001 00010001 00010001”, namely: “One nibble and one bibytes; one nibble and one bytes; and one nibble and one (units).”

• BTW: It takes a little practice, but not much, to get this down. Dec 30, 2018 at 17:38
• 'it gets confusing when one starts reading “1010 0100” as “one hundred sixty two”' -- Especially since I would read it as "one hundred sixty four" ;-)
– robjohn
Apr 25, 2021 at 23:37

We had a pretty heated discussion with my coworkers on this subject and here is my argument.

As part 1, we have in any base :

• 0 and 1
• if exists, 2 is the successor of 1, noted as 2 = succ(1)
• if exists, 3 = succ(2)
• ...
• if exists, 9 = succ(8)
• if exists, A = succ(9)
• if exists, B = succ(A)
• ...

Those numbers have a unique name. It's not confusing.

As part 2, we have in any base :

For a base X (base 2, base 10, base 8, ...), 10 is the successor of X - 1. As :

• in base 10, 10 = succ(9)
• in base 8, 10 = succ(7)
• in base 2, 10 = succ(1)

10 in any base have the same meaning (not value) : changing the order of magnitude.

As part 3,
Counter-argument to "ten is the successor of nine so it can't be the successor of one".

It means either :

• "A" should be called "ten" and it's even more confusing
• "ten" is a word with meaning only in base 10. So the base 10 is not any base without any mathematical argument but "because I said so".

As part 4,
In natural language :

• the single digit numbers can't be mistaken because of the hypothesis "if exists"
• multiple digits can leads to confusion when talking about multiple bases.

But we have a notation to specify the base of a number (which can be found in any article such as this one) :

The base should be specified as follow : (X)y

Te be understood orally, we have to specify the base ("X, base y") with base 10 as default ("X" means "X base 10").

In conclusion,
10, in any base, should be called "ten" because it means the same thing in any base.
In case of possible confusion, we should specify the base as in "ten, base two".
The same argument applies to 11, 1000 and so on and so forth.