Find the exact value of $\tan\left ( \sin^{-1} \left ( \dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \right )\right )$ without using a calculator.

I started by finding $\sin^{-1} \left ( \dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \right )=\dfrac{\pi}{4}$

So, $\tan\left ( \sin^{-1} \left ( \dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \right )\right )=\tan\left( \dfrac{\pi}{4}\right)$.

The answer is $1$. Can you show how to solve $\tan\left( \dfrac{\pi}{4}\right)$ to get $1$? Thank you.

  • 12
    $\begingroup$ So you did all that but you can't find $\tan\left( \dfrac{\pi}{4}\right)$? $\endgroup$
    – Git Gud
    Jan 1 '14 at 2:01
  • 3
    $\begingroup$ Draw an isoceles right-angled triangle. Two of its angles are $\pi/4$. Then $\tan(\pi/4)$ is opposite divided by adjacent. These are equal, so $\tan(\pi/4)=1$. $\endgroup$ Jan 1 '14 at 2:07
  • 5
    $\begingroup$ You don't have to actually compute $\sin^{-1}(\sqrt{2}/2)$ to solve this problem. Draw a right triangle with opposite side length $\sqrt{2}$ and hypotenuse length $2$. Now use the pythagorean theorem to find the length of the adjacent side; call this length $a$. Then compute $\sqrt{2}/a$. $\endgroup$ Jan 1 '14 at 2:12
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ it's amazing that questions like these get more response that the questions which actually deserve attention $\endgroup$
    – ibuprofen
    Jul 10 '19 at 10:52

Hint: $$\tan\left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right) = \frac{\sin\left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)}{\cos\left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)}$$

  • 4
    $\begingroup$ You mispelled 'answer'. $\endgroup$
    – Git Gud
    Jan 1 '14 at 2:05
  • 8
    $\begingroup$ No, because he didn't also misspell $1$. $\endgroup$
    – John
    Jan 1 '14 at 2:14

$\hskip2in$ enter image description here

Using the triangle above...& the fact that $$\tan x = \frac{\text{opp}}{\text{adj}}, \space \tan \left(\frac{\pi}{4}\right)=...$$


We have to find the exact value of $\;\tan\left(\sin^{-1}\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\right)$.

Since $\;\sin(45)=\dfrac{1}{\sqrt{2}}\;,\;x=45\;$ so $\;\tan(45)=1\;,\;$ hence we are done. Now $\;\sin(45)=\cos(45)\;,\;$ thus $\;\tan(45)=1\;.$


You have

$ \sin x=\dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2} $


$ \cos x=\sqrt{1-(\sin x)^{2}}=\dfrac{\sqrt{2}}{2} $


$ \tan x =\dfrac{\sin x}{\cos x}\ = 1 $


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