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Using Laplace transform method, solve $$u_t=3u_{xx}$$ Subject to the boundary conditions $u(π/2)=0 $ , $∂u/∂x (0,t)=0$ ,
And initial condition $u(x,0)= 30\cos{5x}$

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  • $\begingroup$ I think you meant $u_{xx}$ rather than $u_x x$. $\endgroup$
    – Ron Gordon
    Commented Dec 22, 2013 at 13:33

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I think given the boundary conditions, you seek to solve $u_t=3 u_{xx}$; I will assume this in my solution below.

Laplace transform in $t$ and define

$$\hat{u}(x,s) = \int_0^{\infty} dt \, u(x,t) \, e^{-s t}$$

Then the equation is equivalent to

$$\frac{d^2}{dx^2} \hat{u}(x,s) - \frac13 s \hat{u}(x,s) = -u(x,0) = -10 \cos{5 x}$$

The easiest way to solve this is to assume a particular solution of $\hat{u}_p(x,s) = K \cos{5 x}$. Substituting this into the equation, we get

$$-5^2 K - \frac{s}{3} K = -10 \implies K = \frac{30}{s+75}$$

The general solution is then

$$\hat{u}(x,s) = A e^{\sqrt{s/3} x} + B e^{-\sqrt{s/3} x} + \frac{30}{s+75} \cos{5 x} $$

Now apply the boundary conditions.

$$\frac{\partial u}{\partial x} (0,t)=0 \implies A-B=0$$ $$u\left ( \frac{\pi}{2},t\right) = 0 \implies A e^{(\pi/2)\sqrt{s/3}} + B e^{-(\pi/2)\sqrt{s/3}}=0$$

The above imply that $A=B=0$. Thus

$$\hat{u}(x,s) = \frac{30}{s+75} \cos{5 x} $$

The solution we seek is then the inverse LT of $\hat{u}$, which is

$$u(x,t) = 30\, e^{-75 t} \, \cos{5 x} \:\theta(t)$$

where $\theta$ is the Heaviside (step) function.

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