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I have two circles inside a rectangle(4 * 6), where the diameter of one of both is the total length of a side of the rectangle, and the other circle diameter is part of the length of the another side.

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  • What is the name of the theory behind this problem?
  • How to find the radius R?
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Hint

Draw a line between the circle centers. Note that the length is exactly $R+2$. Thus:

$$(R+2)^2=2^2 + (6-R)^2$$ Can you take it from there?

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Hint: note the right triangle below. What does this tell you about $R$?

enter image description here

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