If $X$ is a noetherian topological space, then any union connected components of $X$ is clopen.
This is exercise 3.6P of Vakil. I can see that a union of connected components is closed. This is so because connected components are closed, and, in a Noetherian topological space, an arbitrary union of closed sets is closed.
My guess is that in order to show that a single connected component is open (which is clearly a sufficient and necessary condition) one should use the fact that, in a Noetherian space, a connected component is a finite union of irreducible components. If we could extend this union to a larger union of irreducible components that covers all of $X$, we'd be done, but I'm not sure if we can do this.