# Inner product and dot product

If I am correct dot product is an example of inner product on coordinate space.

I wonder if for an arbitrary inner product space with base field being $\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$, there always exists a coordinate system so that the inner product becomes the dot product in coordinate? What is the name of the topic regarding this question?

Thanks and regards!

• I don't fully understand - what do you mean by 'becomes the dot product?' – davidlowryduda Aug 2 '11 at 20:05
• en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gram%E2%80%93Schmidt_process – Qiaochu Yuan Aug 2 '11 at 20:05
• @mixedmath: I mean the inner product of two vectors and the dot product of their coordinates become equal. – Tim Aug 2 '11 at 20:08
• Maybe in a more general sense, if your space is a manifold, and your inner-product is defined in the tangent space, you can generalize an inner-product to be a 2-form (bilinear map); then there is a way of pulling back that inner-product into $\mathbb R^n$ using the chart maps. This is part of the standard argument used to show that a $C^{\infty}$ manifold M can be made into a Riemannian manifold; specifically, the inner-product in $\mathbb R^n$ can be pulled into M; by smoothness of the chart, the positive-definiteness of the (image of the) inner-product in $\mathbb R^n$ is preserved in M. – gary Aug 2 '11 at 21:26
• So, the more general topic is that of pull backs of 2-forms between manifolds. – gary Aug 2 '11 at 21:59

For finite dimensional spaces, the answer is "yes"; this is a consequence of the Gram-Schmidt orthonormalization process: every finite dimensional inner product space over $\mathbb{R}$ or over $\mathbb{C}$ has an orthonormal basis.
Now let $\mathbf{V}$ be an inner product space, and let $\mathbf{v}_1,\ldots,\mathbf{v}_n$ be an orthonormal basis. Then $T\colon\mathbf{V}\to \mathbf{F}^n$ given by $T\mathbf{v}_i = \mathbf{e}_i$ (i.e., $T$ maps each vector in $\mathbf{V}$ to its coordinate vector relative to the orthonormal basis $\mathbf{v}_1,\ldots,\mathbf{v}_n$) is an invertible linear transformation such that for all $\mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}\in\mathbf{V}$, $\langle \mathbf{x},\mathbf{y}\rangle = T\mathbf{x}\cdot T\mathbf{y}$, where the right hand side is the standard dot product on $\mathbf{F}^n$ ($\mathbf{F}=\mathbb{R}$ or $\mathbb{C}$).