$V$ ($n$ dimensional) is Hilbert space because is isomorphic to $\Bbb R^n$ which is complete.
It's all about sesquilinear forms.By sesquilinear map we mean a map $φ$:$V*V->\Bbb C$ with properties:
1)The map is linear to the first variable,the map $x->φ(x,y):V->\Bbb C$ is linear.
2)The map is antilinear to the second variable,the map $x->\overline φ(x,y):V->\Bbb C$ is linear.
The inner product is a sesquilinear form from it's properties.
Because $V$ is finite every linear functional(especially every sesquilinear form) is bounded.
We now say that every sesquilinear form $φ$:$V*V->\Bbb C$ defines a unique bounded operator$T \in B(V)$ from the relation $φ(x,y)=<Tx,y>$ for every $x,y \in V$.
Let $x \in V$. Also let $f_x:V-> \Bbb C:y-> \overline φ(x,y)$.
The properties 1),2) of $φ$ show that $f_x$ is linear and bounded because $φ$ is bounded.
Because $V$ is Hilbert space,we can apply Riesz theorem that shows that exists a unique $z_x \in V$:$f_x(y)=<y,z_x>$ for every $y \in V$ and thus $<z_x,y>=\overline f_x(y)=φ(x,y)$ for every $y \in V$. The $z_x$ is unique because the relation stands for every $y \in V$.
Thus the map $T:x->z_x$ is well defined and we have that $<Tx,y>=φ(x,y)$ for every $x,y \in V$.
You can easily see that $T$ is linear and bounded and that $\lVert T\rVert=\Vert φ\rVert$.
Now if we consider $φ$ as the inner product we have that $T$ is positive because $<Tx,x>=<x,x>=\lVert x\rVert^2 >=0$