For the record, I am sorry, I haven't yet learnt how to use LaTeX
I have a function $f(x) = 2x^3 - 1$
My proof of injection is as follows: $f$ is one to one for all $x_1,x_2$ element $X$, if $f(x_1) = f(x_2)$ then $x_1 = x_2$ Proof $f(x_1) = f(x_2)\\ 2x_1^3 - 1 = 2x_2^3 - 1\\ 2x_1^3 = 2x_2^3\\ x_1^3 = x_2^3$
Therefore $x_1 = x_2$ so $f(x)$ is one to one by direct proof - contraposition of 'if $x_1\neq x_2$, then $f(x_1)\neq f(x_2)$.
I am unsure how to approach the problem of surjection. I understand the concept, and I can show that it has a domain and a range which is an element of the real numbers, so it is definitely onto, but I don't know how to prove it.