# How prove this $\lim_{x\to+\infty}(f'(x)+f(x))=l$

let $f(x)$ is continous and $f'(x)$ is continous on $[0,\infty)$,show that

$$\lim_{x\to+\infty}(f'(x)+f(x))=l$$ if and only if: $\displaystyle\lim_{x\to+\infty}f(x)=l$ and $f'(x)$ is uniformly continuous on $[0,+\infty)$.

How prove this it? Thank you.

I can prove this if $$\lim_{x\to+\infty}(f'(x)+f(x))=l$$ then we have $\displaystyle\lim_{x\to+\infty}f(x)=l$

My Part of the Solution:

without loss of we let $l=0$,Give $\epsilon>0$,let $a>0$ be such that $|f(x)+f'(x)|<\epsilon$ for $x\ge a$

Then by the generalized mean value theorem there is $\xi\in (a,x)$ such that $$\dfrac{e^x f(x)-e^af(a)}{e^x-e^a}=f(\xi)+f'(\xi)$$ Thus $$|f(x)-f(a)e^{a-x}|<\epsilon|1-e^{a-x}|$$ so $$|f(x)|<|f(a)|e^{a-x}+\epsilon|1-e^{a-x}|$$ so $$|f(x)|<2\epsilon$$ for sufficiently large $x$.

But How can prove $f'(x)$ is uniformly continuous on $[0,+\infty)$

and other question: How prove if$\displaystyle\lim_{x\to+\infty}f(x)=l$ and $f'(x)$ is uniformly continuous on $[0,+\infty)$

then we have

$$\lim_{x\to+\infty}(f'(x)+f(x))=l$$

• Related: math.stackexchange.com/q/407654 – Jonas Meyer Oct 8 '13 at 3:17
• @JonasMeyer, your link is same my solution,But my problem have other problem,But Thank you all the same – user94270 Oct 8 '13 at 3:19
• nanchangjian: Do you mean to hypothesize that $f'$ is also continuous? Otherwise this is false, because you can find differentiable functions $f$ satisfying the hypotheses with $f'$ discontinuous. If $f'$ is continuous, then you may also refer to math.stackexchange.com/questions/75491/…. – Jonas Meyer Oct 8 '13 at 3:23
• Sorry,I'm very sorry,Now I have edit:becasuse this problem from chinese say:f(x)是连续可导 – user94270 Oct 8 '13 at 3:31
• nanchangjian: I don't know Chinese, but according to Google Translate the translation to English is "continuously differentiable," which means $f'$ is continuous. Thank you. – Jonas Meyer Oct 8 '13 at 3:34

Hint 1 If $\lim_{x \to \infty} f(x)=l$ then $\lim_{x \to \infty} f'(x)=0$.
Thus, for each $\epsilon >0$ there exists an $a$ so that $|f'(x)|< \epsilon$ for $x \in (a, \infty)$. You also know that $f'(x)$ is uniformly continuous on $[0,a]$ (why)?
Hint 2 For the other question, try to apply the generalized mean value Theorem for $(x,x+a)$ when $a$ is very small and $x$ very large.