Urn A contains 4 white balls and 2 red balls. Urn B contains 3 red balls and 3 black balls. An urn is randomly selected, and then a ball inside of that urn is removed. We then repeat the process of selecting an urn and drawing out a ball, without returning the first ball. What is the probability that the first ball drawn was red, given that the second ball drawn was black?
I encountered this problem in my AoPS textbook, as a complete newcomer to conditional probability. Is the answer 1/2? I would really appreciate a solution, as I have no way to check my work.