(a) An object is placed in a 68°F room. Write a differential equation for H, the temperature of the object at time t.
ANSWER: dH/dt = -k(68 - H)
(b) Give the general solution for the differential equation.
ANSWER: H = 68 - Ce-kt
(c) The temperature of the object is 40°F initially, and 48°F one hour later. Find the temperature of the object after 3 hours.
I got the answers for (a) and (b) correct, but I have no idea what I'm doing wrong for C. The answer is from the book. If anyone can look at my work below and tell me how to correct it in clear terms (I'm not at all good with math; I'm terrible at it, in fact), then I'd be really grateful.
68 - H = Be-kt
68 - 40 = Be-k(0) = B = 28 (trying to find the constant)
68 - 48 = 28e-k(1)
20 = 28e-k(1)
ln(20/28) = ln(e-k)
-0.3365 approx. = -k so 0.3365 approx. = k
H = 68 - 28e0.3365(3)
And we can tell it's been wrong since I've been trying to find B, but then I have no idea how to find the correct value or if I'm going about it the completely wrong way. Thanks ahead of time for any help!