Let $I_1$ and $I_2$ be homogenous ideals in $A:=\mathbb{C}[X_0,\ldots,X_n]$. Assume that $I_1 \subset I_2$. Let $X=\mathrm{Proj} (A/I_1)$ and $Y=\mathrm{Proj}(A/I_2)$. Then,

1) Is it true that the natural morphism $\Gamma(X,\mathcal{O}_X(n)) \to \Gamma(Y,\mathcal{O}_Y(n))$ is surjective?

2) Is it true that $\Gamma(X,\mathcal{O}_X(n))$ is isomorphic to the degree $n$ graded piece in $A/I_1$?

  • 4
    $\begingroup$ In the case when $I_1$ is zero so that $X$ is projective space, and $Y$ is normal, then the answer to 1 is positive if and only if $Y$ is projectively normal. Read Georges Elencwajg's nice answer at math.stackexchange.com/questions/409222/projective-normality for an example of a non projectively normal subvariety in $\mathbf{P}^3$ $\endgroup$
    – user64687
    Sep 5, 2013 at 12:00

1 Answer 1


I think when both $I_1$ and $I_2$ are saturated,the answer to the first question is always right.
In the general case, if we regard $C[x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n]/I_i ,i=1,2$ as a graded module over itself, then according an exercise in GTM 52 Chapter2 section5, one may find that $C[x_1,x_2,\ldots,x_n]/I_i$ and the graded module $M$, which is the direct sum of modules of the form as $\Gamma(X,\mathcal{O}_X(n)),n>0$, have the same degree parts when the degree $n$ is large enough. So when $n$ is large enough, your question is correct.
I hope this can provide some help.


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