I am currently working on a calculus problem and I'm having trouble finding a suitable variable substitution. I would greatly appreciate any help or guidance you can provide.

The problem I am trying to solve is as follows:

Calculate the integral $\iint_D \frac{x+y}{\sqrt{2 x-y}} d x d y$ using an appropriate variable substitution, where $D$ represents the parallelogram with vertices at $(1,1),(2,0),(1,-2)$ and $(0,-1).$

Here's what I have attempted so far:

I understand that using a suitable variable substitution can simplify the integral and make it easier to evaluate. However, I'm unsure about how to choose the right substitution in this case. I have tried different approaches, but none of them seemed to lead me closer to a solution. Could someone please guide me on how to determine a suitable variable substitution for this problem? Any explanation or step-by-step approach would be immensely helpful.


1 Answer 1


Let $A(1,1), B(2,0), C(1,-2)$ and $D(0,-1)$, then we have $AB//CD, AD//BC$

Define: $$u=x+y,~~v=2x-y$$

then the original region $D$ is converted to

$$(u,v)\in [-1,2]\times[-1,4]$$

Next, you need to compute Jacobian and do the integral with respect to $u$ and $v$. Namely,

$$\int_{-1}^4\int_{-1}^2 \frac{u}{\sqrt v}|J|dudv$$

Can you proceed from here?

  • $\begingroup$ media.discordapp.net/attachments/1108131788229971998/… How did you arrive at that u and v? A friend of mine demonstrated the use of base change matrices, which can be helpful for these types of substitutions. $\endgroup$
    – Bishop_1
    Commented May 30, 2023 at 15:18
  • $\begingroup$ Never mind, I get it now. It's really clever to view it as parallel lines. $\endgroup$
    – Bishop_1
    Commented May 30, 2023 at 15:19
  • $\begingroup$ Yes, use parallel line, so it is just a translation. $\endgroup$
    – MathFail
    Commented May 30, 2023 at 15:23

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