As per wikipedia (read closely):
"In mathematics, the associative property is a property of some binary OPERATIONS (multiple)..."
"Within an expression containing two or more occurrences in a row of the same associative operator, the order in which the operations are performed does not matter as long as the sequence of the operands is not changed. That is, rearranging the parentheses in such an expression will not change its value. Consider the following equations..."
"Associativity is not the same as commutativity, which addresses whether or not the order of two operands changes the result. For example, the order doesn't matter in the multiplication of real numbers, that is, a × b = b × a, so we say that the multiplication of real numbers is a commutative operation."
So the answer is no, that would be commutativity for two operators.
The very reason for the property is that you are testing if those three (or more) elements would have two (or more) binary operators where you could alter which operation comes first and still get the same result.
This also extends that you can not perform this test for property on a one element set because there is no such thing as a binary operator for a single element. A unary operator operates on a one element set. This is not a property of the operator itself but on the set because it tests against more than one operator (remember it takes two operators to make this test for this property.)