# How many five card poker hands contain at least $3$ jacks?

I have never played poker in my life and I have to solve this complicated problem.

How many five card poker hands contain at least $$3$$ jacks?

Here is what i know:

There are $$52$$ cards in a deck. $$A,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9,10,J,Q,K;$$

$$13$$ cards and $$4$$ suits: diamonds, clubs, spades, and hearts.

$$5$$ poker hands:_ _ _ _ _

would be it $$\binom{52}{48}$$ and then $$\binom{52}{26}$$?

how would you computate it??

• Hint: Use the formula $\frac{n!}{k!(n-k)!}$, and then add i and ii Commented Jun 15, 2013 at 23:20
• or n!/k!(n-k)! then you will be find it haha Commented Jun 15, 2013 at 23:34

One needs to know nothing about poker. Indeed you need to know only that there are $52$ different cards in a standard deck, of which $4$ are Jacks.
We are asked how many $5$-card hands there are that contain at least $3$ Jacks.
We have at least $3$ Jacks if we have (i) exactly $3$ Jacks or (ii) exactly $4$ Jacks.
(ii) We count first the $4$-Jack hands. A hand has $5$ cards, so the number of $4$-Jack hands is the number of ways to pick the non-Jack card that will keep the four Jacks company. There are $48$ non-Jacks, so there are $48$ $4$-Jack hands. This looks a little nicer as $\binom{48}{1}$.
(i) We now count the $3$-Jack hands. Which Jacks are in the hand? They can be chosen in $\binom{4}{3}$ ways. For any choice of Jacks, the two non-Jacks can be chosen from the $48$ non-Jacks in the deck in $\binom{48}{2}$ ways. So the number of $3$-Jack hands is $\binom{4}{3}\binom{48}{2}$.
For the number of hands that have at least $3$ Jacks, add the counts obtained in (ii) and (i).