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(Cono Sur Math Olympiad - 1997) Show that there are infinitely many triples of integers $(a,b,c)$ such that $2a^2 + 3b^2 - 5c^2 = 1997$.

I tried to attribute a value to $a$ or $b$ to put this equation in the Pell's form, but I hadn't success.

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I expect what they had in mind was this: as $1997 \equiv 5 \pmod {24}$ and is prime, it can be written as $1997 = 2 \cdot 31^2 + 3 \cdot 5^2.$ Note that the form $f(x,y)= 2 x^2 + 3 y^2$ represents all primes $p=2,3$ and all $p \equiv 5,11 \pmod {24}.$

So the first solution could be $$ (a,b,c) = (31,5,0). $$ The automorphism group of $2 a^2 - 5 c^2$ is not difficult. We actually can find all solutions to $2 a^2 - 5 c^2 = 1922,$ but we don't need to. For any solution $$ (a,b,c) $$ to the original problem, there is a new one $$ (19a + 30 c, b, 12 a + 19 c). $$ So, an infinite sequence of solutions is $$ (31,5,0), $$ $$ (589,5,372), $$ $$ (22351,5,14136), $$ $$ (848749,5,536796), $$ and so on.

A different sequence is $$ (5,28,9), $$ $$ (365,28,231), $$ $$ (13865,28,8769), $$ $$ (526505,28,332991), $$ and so on.

We can instead vary the $3 b^2 - 5 c^2.$ For any solution $$ (a,b,c) $$ to the original problem, there is a new one $$ (a,4 b + 5 c, 3 b + 4 c). $$ Mixing together the two Pell type transformations gives us a big mess'o solutions.

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