I am trying to solve an exercise from the book Analysis for Applied Mathematics by Ward Cheney. Exercise 2.3.25 states: "Prove that if $X$ is an infinite-dimensional Hilbert space, then a compact operator on $X$ cannot be invertible."
I interpret the question to mean that the operator maps $X$ to a general normed linear space $Y$. I have been able to show that if the inverse exists, then it cannot be bounded/continuous. This is also covered in several questions on this site. This also takes care of the case where the operator maps to a Banach space because the interior/open mapping theorem then implies that if the inverse exists then it must be bounded/continuous.
Is the assertion in the exercise true if the operator maps $X$ to $Y$, where $Y$ is a normed linear space? After failing to prove this myself I have tried searching both this site, as well as google, but still have not found a proof. As I am learning functional analysis for the first time, I realize I might have overlooked something I did not quite understand. I have seen some mentions of spectral theory when searching, but this is not covered before the next chapter in the book.
Thanks in advance to anyone that took the time to read this post.