# Group of inner automorphisms of a group $G$ [duplicate]

Let $G$ be a group. By an automorphism of $G$ we mean an isomorphism $f: G\to G$ By an inner automorphism of $G$ we mean any function $\Phi_a$ of the following form: For every $x\in G$, $\Phi_a(x)=a x a^{-1}$. Prove that every inner automorphism of $G$ is an automorphism of $G$ which means I should prove $\Phi_a$ is isomorphism? any suggestion? thanks

## marked as duplicate by Jack Schmidt, Amzoti, vadim123, Micah, JimJun 10 '13 at 3:43

• hint: consider the set of all elements in your group. What happens when you multiply each element by "a"? Do you obtain any duplicates? – hasnohat Jun 5 '13 at 6:45

$\phi_a(xy)=a(xy)a^{-1}=axa^{-1}aya^{-1}=\phi_a(x)\phi_a(y)$

$\phi_a(x)=\phi_a(y)\implies axa^{-1}=aya^{-1}\implies x=y$

$\phi_a$ is also surjective since for each $y \in G$ there exists $x=a^{-1}ya$ s.t. $\phi_a(x)=y$

To prove that every inner automorphism is indeed an automorphism, you need to show that

1. $\Phi_a$ is a homomorphism
2. $\Phi_a$ is surjective
3. $\Phi_a$ is injective (i.e $\ker\Phi_{a} = \{e\}$)

All three are straightforward if you know your definitions.