# Is there an exposition of complex analysis firmly separating the algebra, analysis, and topology?

Complex analysis seems to work because of the interplay between algebraic geometry over $\mathbb{C}$, and analysis and topology exploiting the fact that $\mathbb{C}/\mathbb{R}$ happens to be a quadratic extension. Is there an exposition of elementary complex analysis (maybe at the level of Ahlfors's Complex Analysis) that very carefully separates these things out, perhaps pointing out at each step what would be the same or different when working over other fields or field extensions?

• I doubt that there is no such exposition, since analysis over fields other than $\mathbb R$ or $\mathbb C$ is a specialized topic. ... I also don't think that the field structure of $\mathbb C$ is crucial for complex analysis. From my point of view, complex analysis works because $\mathbb R^2$ has 1st order elliptic operators. Ellipticity gives high degree of regularity to the solutions, and the operator being 1st order gives the ring structure to the solution space. Jun 2, 2013 at 7:28
• There's too much complex analysis that generalizes to positive characteristic algebraic geometry for me to believe that statement entirely. That said, I'm not really familiar with the perspective of elliptic operators or PDE. Is there a good exposition that derives the major results in complex analysis as a special case of that theory? Jun 2, 2013 at 8:52
• @ˈjuː.zɚ79365 It would help me too if you could suggest a good reference to understand the statement that you made. This makes me quite curious. I am quite ignorant about operator theory, but know just basic analysis at the level of Rudin(PMA), and introductory functional analysis and complex analysis. Nov 7, 2013 at 16:14
• Complex analysis, by definition, won’t work on fields other than ℂ. There’s no need to expose parts of this unique theory separately unless you are eager for generalizations. I am sure for analytic/algebraic functions over quadratic extensions of arbitrary fields some analogue of the Cauchy–Riemann equation shows up, but it isn’t complex analysis. Do you want to generalize some other specific results, such as that any domain in ℂ in a domain of holomorphy? BTW the concept of a holomorphic function requires a metric completeness of the field, so it doesn’t exist in many examples in algebra. Aug 12, 2014 at 9:43
• @ChristianBlatter: I think most expositions firmly separate those things, in the sense that nobody reading such a book would be confused as to whether something was happening "because of" molecular biology or "because of" sociological factors. The situation with complex analysis texts is quite different. Aug 11, 2016 at 1:51