# comparing angle in measurement for concave mirror

From the above picture we can prove easily $$CF = XF$$ because CFX is a isosceles triangle. Now if we move the point X more near near P, it will give the same results(I mean we will get again $$CF = XF$$) but by drawing the figure on paper, I have measured that XF= CF are not equal always. What is wrong here? • a-levelphysicstutor.com/images/optics/ccmrrs-r-2f.jpg
– Physics_guy
May 24 '13 at 20:33
• What is the nature of the particular curve? I would have guessed that it’s supposed to be a parabola. What gives you the idea that the curve is accurately drawn? May 24 '13 at 21:19
• if you move the point X more near near P, it will give the same results iff CF=FP..
– mle
May 24 '13 at 21:28
• why was this migrated to MSE? This is obviously a question on geometrical optics, it belongs here (geometry) as much as it belongs there (optics).
– user31280
May 24 '13 at 21:31
• Here you go. May 25 '13 at 0:39

The geometry in the diagram is true no matter what the figure of the mirror is; that is, $\triangle XFC$ is isosceles. What is not true is that both $C$ and $F$ are independent of $X$. In what follows, $\kappa$ is the curvature of the curve at $P$.
If we wish to fix $F$ independent of $X$, then the curve needs to be a parabola. However, in that case, $C$ is dependent on $X$.
$\hspace{2cm}$ If we wish to fix $C$ independent of $X$, then the curve needs to be a circle. However, in that case, $F$ is dependent on $X$.
$\hspace{2cm}$ Note that as $r\to0$, $PC\to2PF$.