For non-analyticity, we can show that the Cauchy-Riemann equations don't hold anywhere. But here we can see that the Cauchy-Riemann equations hold when $y=2x$. I understand what the book did here but I just want to clarify something: If Cauchy-Riemann equations hold for $y=2x$, it doesn't necessarily mean that the function is differentiable. Do they just assume here that the function is differentiable along the line $y=2x$ and then talk about how the function won't be differentiable in any neighborhood of any complex number on the line $y=2x$ and so it won't be analytic anywhere? ( Since Cauchy-Riemann equations won't hold in the neighborhoods and hence not analytic). I just need to understand if they assumed that the function is differentiable along the line $y=2x$ or not. What's happening here? Thank you.
I cannot use "Sufficient Condition for Differentiability", since it is introduced later on in the book.
The problem below was solvable since I could use the "Sufficient Condition for Differentiability":
Show that the function $f(z) = x^2 - x + y + i(y^2 - 5y - x)$ is nowhere analytic but differentiable along $y = x + 2$. I tried doing this and so far the Cauchy-Riemann equations are only satisfied when we have $y = x + 2$. So when we have $y = x + 2$, all the demands for "Sufficient Condition for Differentiability" are met and so the function is differentiable along $y = x + 2$. However, the function won't be differentiable at every point in the neighborhood of any complex number along $ y = x + 2$, so it won't be analytic.
The question I have is, do we need differentiability along a curve to talk about differentiability at neighborhoods of points along the curve?
So far I've learnt that:
Analyticity at a point implies differentiability at a point but the converse is not true, Analyticity at every point in a domain D implies differentiability at every point in a domain D and the converse is true, Analytic at a point implies differentiable at a point implies Cauchy-Riemann equations hold at that point but the converses are not true.
Are all of these correct?
I know this is a lengthy question, but please help me understand this and clear my confusions. Thank you!