# The index of $\xi_4^*$ in $\xi_4$

Just seeing if i'm right:

With the set of solutions for $z^4=1$: $\xi_4=\{1,i,-1,-i\}$, one can construct the group of the $4$th roots of unity: $(\xi_4,\cdot_\mathbb{C})$ and its multiplicative subgroup $(\xi_4^*,\cdot_\mathbb{C})$ with $\xi_4^*=\{1,-1\}$.

What is the Index $[ \xi_4 : \xi_4^* ]$?

I'd say through Lagrange: $$[ \xi_4 : \xi_4^* ] =\frac{|\xi_4|}{|\xi_4^*|}=\frac{4}{2}=2.$$ Or counting the cosets of $\xi_4^*$: $$1\cdot\xi_4^*=\{1,-1\}= -1\cdot\xi_4^*,\quad i\cdot\xi_4^*=\{i,-i\}= -i\cdot\xi_4^*$$ we get two.

Is this correct?

• What does $\xi_4$ mean? – Zev Chonoles May 15 '13 at 23:56
• So $\xi_4$ is $4$th roots of unity, and $\xi_4^*$ is the square roots of unity? – Sammy Black May 15 '13 at 23:58
• sorry, I missed to clarify that... – scjorge May 16 '13 at 0:00

Yes, indeed, the index $$[\xi_4:\xi^*_4] = \frac{|\xi_4|}{|\xi^*_4|} = \dfrac 4 2 = 2$$
Alternatively, as you've shown, the index $=$ the number of cosets of $\;\xi^*_4 \leq \xi_4 = 2$.
Yes, it looks good. There are $2$ cosets of the subgroup $\xi_4^*$ in $\xi_4$.