# Sum binomial coefficients

Show that $$\sum_{k=0}^{n}\binom{n}{k}\left(\binom{m+k+1}{m-n}+(-1)^{k+1}\binom{m+2(n-k)+1}{m}\right)=0$$ for all integers $$m$$ and $$n$$ with $$m\ge n\ge 0$$. I tried induction on $$n$$, but there's not a very nice way to change the LHS from the $$n$$ case to $$n+1$$.

• Isn't the main problem with the induction transition that the different terms produce different results because they change at alternate ends of the range $k\in[0,n]$? Is it possible to split this into two sums to alleviate this issue? Nov 2, 2020 at 21:56

$$\sum_{k=0}^n {n\choose k} {m+k+1\choose m-n} = [z^{m-n}] (1+z)^{m+1} \sum_{k=0}^n {n\choose k} (1+z)^k \\ = [z^{m-n}] (1+z)^{m+1} (2+z)^n.$$
$$\sum_{k=0}^n {n\choose k} (-1)^{k+1} {m+2(n-k)+1\choose m} \\ = - [z^m] (1+z)^{m+2n+1} \sum_{k=0}^n {n\choose k} (-1)^k (1+z)^{-2k} \\ = - [z^m] (1+z)^{m+2n+1} \left(1-\frac{1}{(1+z)^2}\right)^n \\ = - [z^m] (1+z)^{m+1} (2z+z^2)^n = -[z^m] z^n (1+z)^{m+1} (2+z)^n \\ = -[z^{m-n}] (1+z)^{m+1} (2+z)^n.$$