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$\textbf{Problem:}$Let $ABC$ be a triangle with circumcircle $\omega$ . Point $D$ lies on the arc $BC$ not containing $A$ of $\omega$ and is different than $B,C$ and the midpoint of arc $BC$. Tangent of $\omega$ on $D$ intersects lines $BC$,$CA$,$AB$ at $A'$,$B'$,$C'$, respectively. Lines $BB'$ and $CC'$ intersect at $E$. Line $AA'$ intersects again the circle $\omega$ at $F$. Prove that points $D,E,F$ are collinear.

enter image description here

I tried to use menelaus theorem on bunch of triangles and in few ways I restated the problem to apply it.But all those attempts failed.I also tried to chase cross ratios but that didn't work out either.

Any help or solution will be appreciated.

Thanks @oldboy for the diagram.

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  • $\begingroup$ Take a photo of your sketch and add it to the question. $\endgroup$ Oct 25, 2020 at 15:26
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    $\begingroup$ Added picture, the statement is correct $\endgroup$
    – Oldboy
    Oct 25, 2020 at 20:45
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    $\begingroup$ @Yes it’s me, thanks for fixing that :) I’ll have a look at the problem in a while; let’s see if can come up with some approach. It looks difficult $\endgroup$
    – Dr. Mathva
    Oct 26, 2020 at 19:43
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    $\begingroup$ @Yesit'sme you have an aops acc ? $\endgroup$ Oct 28, 2020 at 8:12
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    $\begingroup$ @SunainaPati yes $\endgroup$ Oct 29, 2020 at 13:50

1 Answer 1

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Projective solution (or in modern contest languague, the method of moving points).

Let us fix circle and points $B,C,D$ on it as tangent at $D$ and let us move $A$ on the circle. Then also $E,F$ and $B',C'$ moves, but not $A'$. Then composition of projective maps $B'\mapsto A$ and $A\mapsto C'$ is also projective and this map induces projective map of pencil from $(B)$ to $(C)$: $BB'\mapsto CC'$.

This means that intersection of $BB'$ and $CC'$, that is point $E$, describes some conic (which goes through points $B$, $C$ and $D$). Now let line $DE$ meet circle at $F'$. Since conic and circle meet at $D$ we see that map $E\mapsto F'$ is well defined and it is projective from conic to circle. This also means that composition of projective maps $A\mapsto B'$, $B'\mapsto E$ and $E\mapsto F'$ i.e. $A\mapsto F'$ is projective map on circle it self.

We want to prove that this is actually an involution of circle $A\mapsto F$ with center at $A'$. By fundamental theorem of projective geometry we have to find 3 particular situation for $A$ when $F=F'$ which means that $F=F'$ is always true. But this is obviously true when $A\in\{B,C,D\}$ and we are done.


Any way here is an Euclidean geometry solution: https://artofproblemsolving.com/community/c6h2205298p16643760

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  • $\begingroup$ Awesome! [+1] What is the motivation behind using the Moving Points technique? $\endgroup$
    – Dr. Mathva
    Nov 2, 2020 at 12:16
  • $\begingroup$ Well it is pretty much projective configuration, so... @Dr.Mathva $\endgroup$
    – nonuser
    Nov 2, 2020 at 18:54
  • $\begingroup$ Nice solution! Other way to go is by noting that the problem is purely projective ;) $\endgroup$
    – Anand
    Nov 6, 2020 at 8:18

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