# Using L'Hopital to find $\lim_{x→∞} ( \ln \sqrt{4x^3-4x^2+5} - \ln \sqrt{2x^3-5x+4} )$ [closed]

I've been trying to do it and I still haven't been able to, I don't know what problem I have but it gives me 1, instead when I put it through some application it gives me the result of $$/1/2 * ln(2)$$ I'm sorry if the result doesn't look good, I don't know how to use it. I am going to give you the process that I have done and there is the limit thank you very much. • $\ln p-\ln q= \ln(p/q)$ and not $\frac{\ln p}{\ln q}$ – DatBoi Oct 20 at 4:40
• Are you talking about the first part? – Seis Oct 20 at 4:47
• The very first step, yes – DatBoi Oct 20 at 4:51

$$\lim_{x \to \infty} \ln((4x^3-4x^2+5)^{1/3})-\ln((2x^3-5x+4)^{1/3})$$

Now use that $$\ln(a)-\ln(b)=\ln\left(\frac{a}{b}\right)$$

$$=\lim_{x \to \infty} \ln\left(\frac{(4x^3-4x^2+5)^{1/3}}{(2x^3-5x+4)^{1/3}}\right)=\lim_{x \to \infty} \ln\left(\left(\frac{4x^3-4x^2+5}{2x^3-5x+4}\right)^{1/3}\right)$$

Next use $$\ln(a^x)=x\cdot \ln(a)$$

$$=\lim_{x \to \infty} \frac13\cdot \ln\left(\frac{4x^3-4x^2+5}{2x^3-5x+4}\right)$$

Finally expand the fraction by $$\frac1{x^3}$$ or you use L´Hospital. At this method you differentiate the numerator and the denominator three times.

• I don't understand the last part, do I do it like I was doing in the third step? – Seis Oct 20 at 5:03
• Do you know the rule $\ln(a^x)=x\ln(a)$? Or do you mean the expansion? – callculus Oct 20 at 5:05
• no i think i haven't seen it – Seis Oct 20 at 5:07
• This is one of the logarithm rules, for instance here. But there are many other sources. – callculus Oct 20 at 5:11
• @Seis I think you need to review the basic properties of logarithms. You need to be comfortable with them if you are going to do calculus with logarithms. – PM 2Ring Oct 20 at 5:14

As @DatBoi points out, we can get the result without needing to use L'Hopital. I get $$\frac{\ln2}{3}$$, since $$\lim_{x\rightarrow \infty}\frac{4x^3-4x^2+5}{2x^3-5x+4}\to2$$

• Yes, but I have to do the exercise by that method, that's the problem I have – Seis Oct 20 at 4:55
• You could do the limit I indicated by using L'Hopital. The one within the logarithm. – Chris Custer Oct 20 at 4:56
• Apply it three times, to get $24/12=2$. – Chris Custer Oct 20 at 4:57
• Well, after the first application, you have $(12x^2-8x)/(6x^2-5)$. Numerator and denominator go to infinity again, so you can apply it again... – Chris Custer Oct 20 at 5:14
• You might as well add this l'Hôpital stuff to your answer, rather than burying it down here in the comments. OTOH, I fully agree that using l'Hôpital for this limit is overkill, but hey, it's just a homework exercise... – PM 2Ring Oct 20 at 5:17