# Find multiplicative inverse of formal power series

I have the following power series:

$$f(T) = \sum_{n\geq 0}(n+1)T^n \in \mathbb{C} [T]$$

and I have to compute the multiplicate inverse.

I've tryed to use the formula to calculate the coefficients of the inverse one by one in order to find if there were any rule but it wasnt usefull.

$$b_0= a_0^{-1}$$

$$b_n = -a_0^{-1}\sum_{i=1}^{n}a_ib_{n-i}$$

then $$b_0= 1, b_1 = -2, b_2 = 1$$ and $$b_n=0 \space \forall n \geq 3$$

• note that this is the formal derivative of the power series $\sum_{k \ge 1}T^k$ and one can then argue using complex power series Jul 1 '20 at 12:28
• @Conrad can you develope it a little more please? Jul 1 '20 at 18:19
• $G(T)=T/(1-T)=-1+1/(1-T), F(T)=1/(1-T)^2, 1/F=(T-1)^2=1-2T+T^2$ all of his is "formal" but can be justified riguorusly by using $T \to z \in \mathbb C, |z| <1$ Jul 1 '20 at 19:17
• You have obtained a correct result. (Now what's the question?..) Jul 2 '20 at 11:13

Let $$g(T)=\sum_{n\geq1}T^n$$ then $$g'(T)=f(T)$$
It is known that the multiplicative inverse of $$\sum_{n\geq0}T^n$$ is $$(1-T)$$ then
$$(g(T)+1)(1-T)=1;g(T)+1=\frac{1}{1-T}$$ and taking the derivative
$$g'(T)=f(T)=\frac{1}{(1-T)^2}$$
then the multiplicative inverse of $$f$$ is $$(1-T)^2$$