I want to prove that if a morphism of schemes $f:X\to Y$ is a closed immersion, then $f$ is affine.

Here's where I'm at.

If $Y=\bigcup_iV_i$ is an affine open cover, then $f(X)\cap V_i$ is an affine scheme, since it is a closed subset of the affine scheme $V_i$. Furthermore, the homeomorphism $X\stackrel{\sim}{\to} f(X)$ induces the homeomorphism $f^{-1}(V_i)\stackrel{\sim}{\to}f(X)\cap V_i$.

That still doesn't prove that $f^{-1}(V_i)$ is isomorphic to $f(X)\cap V_i$ as schemes, and I'm not sure how to prove it formally.

If $I(V):=\ker(f_V^\#)$, then $f$ being a closed immersion implies $\mathcal{O}_Y/I\simeq f_*\mathcal{O}_X$, where $\mathcal{O}_Y/I$ is the sheafification of $V\mapsto \mathcal{O}_Y(V)/I(V)$.

In particular $(\mathcal{O}_Y/I)\big|_{V_i}\simeq f_*\mathcal{O}_X\big|_{V_i}$, which looks like I'm almost there. But I don't know relate the structural sheaf $\mathcal{O}_{f(X)\cap V_i}=\mathcal{O}_Y\big|_{f(X)\cap V_i}$ of the affine $f(X)\cap V_i$ with the sheaf $(\mathcal{O}_Y/I)\big|_{V_i}$.

How do I do that?

  • $\begingroup$ What is your definition of a closed immersion? $\endgroup$ Jun 12, 2020 at 10:09
  • $\begingroup$ @user45878, a closed immersion is a morphism of schemes $(f,f^\#):(X,\mathcal{O}_X)\to(Y,\mathcal{O}_Y)$ such that $f(X)$ is closed in $Y$, $f$ induces a homeomorphism $X\stackrel{\sim}{\to}f(X)$ and $f^\#$ is an epimorphism $\endgroup$
    – rmdmc89
    Jun 12, 2020 at 18:32
  • $\begingroup$ This is handled by the answer to your previous question here, particularly the sixth paragraph. $\endgroup$
    – KReiser
    Jun 14, 2020 at 0:06

1 Answer 1


You have to show that for any $U=SpecB$, open affine subescheme of $X$, the restriction of your closed immersion $f^{-1}(U) \rightarrow U$, is a closed immersion too, then you have that $f^{-1}(U)$ is $SpecB/I$, for some $I$ ideal of $B$.


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