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I understand how to find the general solution of a differential equation, for complex roots, simple roots, nonhomogeneous equations etc... but I still don't really know what the general solution is?

As in, what is the purpose of it? What is it used for? thanks...

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1 Answer 1

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  • To say that you have found the general homogeneous solution means that this function solves the homogeneous equation for every choice of the constant $C_1$ and every solution of the homogeneous equation is of this form for some choice of $C_1$.

  • You can actually have more than one particular solution to a DEQ. The difference between any two particular solutions is always a homogeneous solution.

Example:

$$y' + \left(\frac{a}{t}\right)y = t^3$$

The homogeneous solution is:

$$\displaystyle y_H = c_1 t^{-a}$$

Here are two particular solutions:

$$\displaystyle y_{1P} = \frac{t^4}{4+ a}$$

$$y_{2P} = \displaystyle \frac{t^4}{4+ a} + c_1 t^{-a}$$

What is the difference between these two particular solutions?

  • To say you have a unique solution means that this is the ONLY function that satisfies both the differential equation and the initial condition. The graph of this function is the only solution curve that passes through the initial point.

For this, we obviously need to be given an initial condition.

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    $\begingroup$ really well-answered! $\endgroup$
    – amWhy
    Apr 18, 2013 at 1:11
  • $\begingroup$ indeed it was! thanks Amzoti $\endgroup$ Apr 18, 2013 at 1:20

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