I have been reading Rick Miranda's Book on Riemann surfaces and to indroduce meromorphic functions on the complex torues $\mathbb{C}$\ $L$ he talks about theta functions. I was able to see that $\theta(z+1)=\theta(z)$ but I cant quite seem to see why $\theta(\gamma+z)=e^{-\pi i(\gamma+2z)} \theta(z)$, maybe theres some identity about series that i am not seeing, also I cant seem to show that the only zeros of $\theta$ are at the points $(1/2)+(\gamma/2) +m+n\gamma$. The definition of this $\theta$-function is $\theta(z)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}e^{\pi i[n^2\gamma+2nz]}$.

Any help is aprecciated, thanks in advance.

  • $\begingroup$ I suggest reading DLMF Chapter 20 on Theta functions. There is an infinite product expansion. $\endgroup$
    – Somos
    Apr 17, 2020 at 11:24
  • $\begingroup$ What's the definition of this particular theta function? $\endgroup$ Apr 17, 2020 at 12:13
  • $\begingroup$ Yeah sorry i edited the post @AnginaSeng $\endgroup$
    – whatever
    Apr 17, 2020 at 15:27

1 Answer 1


From $$\theta(z)=\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\exp(\pi i[n^2\gamma+2nz])$$ we get \begin{align} \theta(z+\gamma)&=\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\exp(\pi i[n^2\gamma+2nz+2n\gamma])\\ &=\exp(-\pi i\gamma)\sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\exp(\pi i[(n+1)^2\gamma+2nz])\\ &=\exp(-\pi i\gamma-2\pi inz) \sum_{n=-\infty}^{\infty}\exp(\pi i[(n+1)^2\gamma+2(n+1)z])\\ &=\exp(-\pi i\gamma-2\pi inz)\theta(z). \end{align}

  • $\begingroup$ Oh yeah nice , thanks , do you have an idea about the part of the zeroes of the function? $\endgroup$
    – whatever
    Apr 17, 2020 at 16:04
  • $\begingroup$ @Something Integrate $\theta'/\theta$ over the boundary of a fundamental region. $\endgroup$ Apr 17, 2020 at 16:11

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