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What is the collective name for the digits before and after decimal point?

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    $\begingroup$ Integer and fractional parts. $\endgroup$ – user Apr 11 at 23:18
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    $\begingroup$ I have heard of both "integer part" as well as "integral part" for the part to the left of the decimal point. $\endgroup$ – Andrew Chin Apr 11 at 23:22
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The part before the decimal point, the whole number $120$ in your example, is often referred to as the Characteristic and can be seen here https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Characteristic.html. The part after the decimal point, the fractional part $590$ in your example, can be referred to as the Mantissa. More information on this can be found here https://mathworld.wolfram.com/Mantissa.html.

Hope this helps!

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    $\begingroup$ Wolfram Mathworld has a number of nonstandard definitions, but these are also mentioned on Wikipedia and I've seen at least "mantissa" in use elsewhere (I believe in discussions of Benford's Law). $\endgroup$ – Mark S. Apr 12 at 2:08
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It's called the Number of Significant Figures. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Significant_figures

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  • $\begingroup$ No. Not at all. $\endgroup$ – David G. Stork Apr 11 at 23:13
  • $\begingroup$ In this example, all of $120.590$ are significant figures, but that is not how the different parts of this number are called. The question is asking about the names of the different collections of digits. $\endgroup$ – swolo Apr 11 at 23:17

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