Here's the definition I have for a sequence of random variables to be uniformly integrable:

$(1)$ A sequence of random variables $X_1, X_2, \ldots$ is uniformly integrable (U.I.) if for every $\epsilon>0$ there exists a $K$ such that for each $n$, $\mathbb{E}[|X_n|I\{|X_n|>K\}]<\epsilon. $

I've seen that U.I. implies the following:

$(2)$ Given $\epsilon>0$, there is a $\delta>0$ such that if $\mathbb{P}(A)<\delta$, then $\mathbb{E}(|X_n|I_A)<\epsilon $.

In the book I'm reading, the author states a fact about a condition that implies U.I. and in the proof, he just shows that $(2)$ holds. Is it the case that $(1)\iff(2)$?

Also, this is supposed to be pre-measure-theoretic, so if you can answer my question without measure theory that would be ideal. Thanks in advance for your input!

  • $\begingroup$ what answer are you hoping for? the short answer is that 'yes' they are the same. $\endgroup$ – Lost1 Apr 14 '13 at 18:18
  • $\begingroup$ I was hoping the answer is 'yes.' The author doesn't mention that the two are equivalent, but uses the fact that they (apparently) are! $\endgroup$ – eeeeeeeeee Apr 14 '13 at 18:21
  • $\begingroup$ do you want a proof? $\endgroup$ – Lost1 Apr 14 '13 at 18:22
  • $\begingroup$ That would be nice! $\endgroup$ – eeeeeeeeee Apr 14 '13 at 18:23
  • $\begingroup$ Can you just take the event $A=\{|X_n|>K\}$? $\endgroup$ – eeeeeeeeee Apr 14 '13 at 18:24


see page 42. the author uses (2) as definiton, and prove they are equivalent. The proof is fairly short. about 1/3 of the page

It might also beneficial read about 1/2 of page before it.


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