I am currently trying to prove that $\hat{\beta}$ is not an unbiased estimator of $\beta$. After proving this I need to to construct a unbiased estimator for $\beta$. I know that $$\hat{\beta} = \frac{n}{\sum_{i=1}^n\ln((x_i+1))} \hspace{1.4cm} \beta > 1$$ I also was given that a r.v. $W = \ln(x+1)$ Using $$f_X(x) = \frac{\beta}{(1+x)^{\beta+1}} $$ $$f_W(w) = f_X(v(x)) \cdot |v'(x)|$$ $$W = \ln(1+x) \rightarrow e^w - 1 = x = v(x)$$ $$v'(x) = e^w$$ Which resulted in the $$f_W(w) = \frac{\beta }{\left(1+\left(e^w-1\right)\right)^{\beta +1}}\:\cdot \left|e^w\right| = \frac{\beta}{e^{\beta w}} = \beta e^{-\beta w}$$.

I know I can use Jensen's inequality here to show that it not an unbiased estimator by showing that $$\hat{\beta} = \frac{n}{\sum_{i=1}^n\ln((x_i+1))} = \frac{n}{\sum_{i=1}^n W} = \frac{1}{\bar{W}}$$. However I do not know how to proceed from here in using Jensen's inequality as well as constructing an unbiased estimator.

  • $\begingroup$ Why don't you (i) construct the likelihood function using $f_w$ and $f_x$ and find an unbiased estimator, which you have to do anyway, and (ii) show that the estimators have different plims, so that your first estimator cannot be unbiased? $\endgroup$ – Renard Apr 2 at 4:43
  • $\begingroup$ I do not know how to do as you suggested and I also do not know what plims means? $\endgroup$ – air bmx Apr 2 at 4:53
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    $\begingroup$ Very similar question: math.stackexchange.com/q/3543552?lq=1, from which you would find that an unbiased estimator of $\beta$ is $(n-1)/\sum \ln(X_i+1)$. $\endgroup$ – StubbornAtom Apr 2 at 8:12


$W=\sum_{i=1}^{n} \ln (1+X_i)\sim Gamma(n,\beta) $

$f_W(w)=\frac{\beta^n}{\Gamma(n)}w^{n-1} e^{-\beta w}$


Set $r=-1$

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