22
$\begingroup$

I have done series with $\zeta(2k)$ and $\zeta(k)$, but I have no idea with this one:

$$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\zeta(2k+1)-1}{k+1}=-\gamma+\log(2)$$

$\gamma$ is the Euler–Mascheroni Constant.

This value was given by Mathematica. Any hint?

$\endgroup$
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Expand $\zeta(2 k + 1)$ and interchange summation order? $\endgroup$ – vonbrand Apr 13 '13 at 14:06
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @vonbrand I think you get a logarithmic sum by doing that. How do you evaluate that? $\endgroup$ – Ishan Banerjee Apr 13 '13 at 14:47
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ The same constant arises in $$lim_{n \to \infty} \left(log(2n+1)-H_n\right) = log(2)-\gamma$$ math.stackexchange.com/a/439184/134791 $\endgroup$ – Jaume Oliver Lafont Jan 10 '16 at 23:20
24
$\begingroup$

I solved it myself.

First we note that

$$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\zeta(2k+1)-1}{k+1} = \sum_{n=2}^\infty \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{1}{(k+1)n^{2k+1}}=\sum_{n=2}^\infty \left( -\frac{1}{n}- n\log \left( 1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)\right)$$

Then $$\begin{aligned} \sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\zeta(2k+1)-1}{k+1} &=\sum_{n=2}^\infty \left( -\frac{1}{n}- n\log \left( 1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)\right) \\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty}\sum_{n=2}^N \left( -\frac{1}{n}- n\log \left( 1-\frac{1}{n^2}\right)\right)\\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty} \left[ -H_N+1-\sum_{n=2}^N n \log(n^2-1)+2\sum_{n=2}^Nn\log(n)\right]\\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty} \left[ -H_N+1-\sum_{n=2}^N \left(n\log(n+1) +n\log(n-1)-2n\log(n)\right)\right] \\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty} \Bigg[ -H_N+1+\log(2)-\sum_{n=3}^{N+1}(n-1)\log(n)-\sum_{n=3}^{N-1}(n+1)\log(n) \\ &\quad+\sum_{n=3}^N2n\log(n)\Bigg] \\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty}\left[-H_N-N\log(N+1)-(N-1)\log(N)+2N\log(N)+1+\log(2) \right]\\ &= \lim_{N\to \infty}\left(- \left(H_N-\log N \right)+\log(2)+1-N\log \left( 1+\frac{1}{N}\right)\right)\\&= \lim_{N\to \infty}\left( - \left(H_N-\log N \right)+\log(2)+\mathcal{O}(N^{-1})\right) \end{aligned}$$

Since $\displaystyle \gamma=\lim_{N\to \infty}(H_N-\log(N))$, we get

$$\sum_{k=1}^\infty \frac{\zeta(2k+1)-1}{k+1} =-\gamma+\log(2)$$

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.