By using Mathematica

Series[MeijerG[{{-(1/2)}, {}}, {{-(1/2), -(1/2), 1/2}, {}}, a x], {x,0, 0}, Assumptions -> a > 0],

I got an asymptotic expansion of MeijerG function at $x\approx 0$ for $a>0$ as $$G_{1,3}^{3,1}\left(a x\left| \begin{array}{c} -\frac{1}{2} \\ -\frac{1}{2},-\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2} \\ \end{array} \right.\right)\xrightarrow{} \frac{-\log (a)-\log (x)-2 \gamma }{\sqrt{a} \sqrt{x}}+O\left(\sqrt{x}\right).$$

However, with available asymptotic expression in MeijerG, I could not derive above expression.

Does anyone have an idea of deriving this?

Here is the plot:

enter image description here

  • $\begingroup$ Is the MA result correct? $\endgroup$ – yarchik Dec 29 '19 at 15:48
  • $\begingroup$ I added an example plot. $\endgroup$ – Frey Dec 29 '19 at 16:10
  • $\begingroup$ You may reduce the MeierGto simpler functions. Have a look here Bateman, H.; Erdélyi, A. (1953). Higher Transcendental Functions, Vol. I (PDF). New York: McGraw–Hill. (see § 5.3, "Definition of the G-Function", Eq.(32) on p. 218) $\endgroup$ – yarchik Dec 29 '19 at 18:42

We can roundtrip your expression by first finding the MellinTransform and then instead of applying InverseMellinTransform, we can just take the first residue. This ends up giving the main series term. [formula]

Here's the Mellin transform:

mei = MeijerG[{{-(1/2)}, {}}, {{-(1/2), -(1/2), 1/2}, {}}, a x];

mel = MellinTransform[mei, x, s]

$-\frac{1}{2} \pi (2 s-1) a^{-s} \sec (\pi s) \Gamma \left(s-\frac{1}{2}\right)^2$

Now in order to find where to take the residue, we need to know the strip in which this transform exists:

MellinTransform[mei, x, s, GenerateConditions -> True]
ConditionalExpression[..., 1/2 < Re[s] < 3/2]

It turns out summing residues in the complex plane to the right of the strip will diverge and so we sum to the left. This means we'll start with s == 1/2:

Residue[mel x^-s, {s, 1/2}]

$\displaystyle \frac{-2\gamma - \log(a) - \log(x)}{\sqrt{a} \sqrt{x}}$

  • $\begingroup$ Clear explanation! Thanks @Chip Hurst. $\endgroup$ – Frey Dec 30 '19 at 12:56

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