# Integer triangle $ABC$ such that $IHO$ is also an integer triangle. An infinite number of such non-similar triangles $ABC$.

Let $$I, H, O$$ be the incenter, orthocenter and circumcenter of non-isosceles triangle $$ABC$$ respectively. Prove that there are infinitely many integer triangles $$ABC$$, none of which are similar, suchs that for each of them the triangle $$IHO$$ is also an integer triangle. (An integer triangle is a triangle all of whose sides have lengths that are integers)

My work. $$IO=\sqrt{R^2-2rR}$$ $$OH=\sqrt{9R^2-(a^2+b^2+c^2)}$$ $$IH=\sqrt{2r^2+4R^2-\frac{1}{2}(a^2+b^2+c^2)}$$ where $$R$$, $$r$$ are circumradius and inradius of triangle $$ABC$$ respectively; $$a$$, $$b$$, $$c$$ are the lengths of the sides of triangle $$ABC$$. Unfortunately, these formulas are very inconvenient for analysis.

• What is integer in your triangles? Side lengths, coordinates of the vertices, angles in degrees, $\ldots$? Dec 21, 2019 at 14:46
• An integer triangle is a triangle all of whose sides have lengths that are integers. Dec 21, 2019 at 14:48
• The formulas for $OH$ and $IH$ are here mathworld.wolfram.com/Orthocenter.html . ($S_{w}$ is Conway triangle notation - mathworld.wolfram.com/ConwayTriangleNotation.html) Dec 21, 2019 at 14:58
• @ Jean Marie: Also, distance-between-incentre-and-orthocentre. Dec 21, 2019 at 16:14
• It could be reasonable to limit the variables in given formulas.We can use these relations: $R=\frac{abc}{4s}$, $r=\frac{s}{p}$ and a relation between (abc) and (a+b+c), such that only variable are p and s.Hence $IO=f(p, s)$, $OH=g(p,s)$ and $IH=h(p, s)$. Dec 22, 2019 at 12:49

(Some small examples that I found satisfy $$IO=IH$$. So...)

Let us consider $$\triangle{ABC}$$ satisfying $$IO=IH$$. We have

$$IO=IH\iff (a^2 - a b + b^2 - c^2) (a^2 - b^2 + b c - c^2) (a^2 - a c - b^2 + c^2)=0$$

So, in the following, let us consider $$\triangle{ABC}$$ such that $$a^2=b^2-bc+c^2\tag1$$ (which means that $$\angle A=60^\circ$$.)

Here, it is known that $$a=m^2+mn+n^2,\quad b=m^2+2mn,\quad c=m^2-n^2$$ satisfy $$(1)$$. Then, we get $$IO=IH=n\sqrt{m^2+mn+n^2},\qquad HO=2mn+n^2\in\mathbb Z$$

Also, it is known that $$m=s^2-1,\quad n=2s+1,\quad z=s^2+s+1$$ satisfy $$z^2=m^2+mn+n^2$$, so if $$\begin{cases}a=(s^2+s+1)^2 \\\\b=(s - 1) (s + 1) (s^2 + 4 s + 1) \\\\c=s (s + 2) (s^2 - 2 s - 2)\tag2\end{cases}$$ where $$s\ (\ge 3)$$ is an integer, then we get $$IO=IH=(2s+1)(s^2+s+1)\in\mathbb Z$$

Let us prove that if $$(2)$$, then $$\triangle{ABC}$$ are not isosceles triangles.

Proof :

We have $$b-a=(2 s + 1) (s^2 - 2 s - 2)\gt 0$$ $$a-c=(2 s + 1) (s^2 + 4 s + 1)\gt 0$$ $$a+c-b=(s - 1) (s + 1) (s^2 - 2 s - 2)\gt 0\qquad\square$$

Next, let us prove that if $$(2)$$, then no two are similar.

Proof :

Suppose that a triangle with $$(2)$$ and a triangle with $$\begin{cases}a=(t^2+t+1)^2 \\\\b=(t - 1) (t + 1) (t^2 + 4 t + 1) \\\\c=t (t + 2) (t^2 - 2 t - 2)\end{cases}$$ where $$t\not=s\ (t\ge 3)$$ are similar. Then, we have $$\frac{(s^2+s+1)^2}{(s - 1) (s + 1) (s^2 + 4 s + 1)}=\frac{(t^2+t+1)^2}{(t - 1) (t + 1) (t^2 + 4 t + 1)}$$ $$\iff (s - t) (2 s t + s + t + 2) (s^2 t^2 - 2 s^2 t - 2 s^2 - 2 s t^2 - 8 s t - 2 s - 2 t^2 - 2 t + 1) = 0$$ $$\iff s^2 t^2 - 2 s^2 t - 2 s^2 - 2 s t^2 - 8 s t - 2 s - 2 t^2 - 2 t + 1 = 0$$ $$\iff s = \frac{2 (t^2 + 4 t + 1) ± 2(t^2+t+1)\sqrt{3}}{2 (t^2 - 2 t - 2) }$$ which is impossible since the RHS is irrational.$$\qquad\square$$

Conclusion :

For $$\begin{cases}a=(s^2+s+1)^2 \\\\b=(s - 1) (s + 1) (s^2 + 4 s + 1) \\\\c=s (s + 2) (s^2 - 2 s - 2)\end{cases}$$ where $$s\ (\ge 3)$$ is an integer, $$\triangle{ABC}$$ are not isosceles triangles and no two are similar, with $$IO=IH=(2s+1)(s^2+s+1),\qquad HO=(2 s + 1) (2 s^2 + 2 s - 1)$$ where $$IO+IH-HO=6s+3\gt 0$$.

• Thank you very much! Dec 27, 2019 at 2:03