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I've stumbled across a brain-teaser. After using some identities, I get the left hand side equal to $\cos^2\theta - \sin^2\theta$. I'm not aware of any other identities that could get me to the right hand side. I'm actually leaning towards there being a typo in the problem.

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    $\begingroup$ That's definitely not an identity: only the LHS is bounded. Maybe you're meant to find which $\theta$ satisfy it as an equation? $\endgroup$ – J.G. Nov 25 '19 at 22:15
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    $\begingroup$ Yeah, something seems off. Especially if you got the LHS to equal cos^2 - sin^2, since that's equal to cos(2\theta) which is definitely not the same as csc(theta)-1. $\endgroup$ – ConMan Nov 25 '19 at 22:18
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    $\begingroup$ Plug in x=pi/2 for example,it's not true $\endgroup$ – Gabe Nov 25 '19 at 22:18
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    $\begingroup$ That said, based on a quick graph on Wolfram Alpha, I don't think the two sides ever equal each other, either. $\endgroup$ – ConMan Nov 25 '19 at 22:18
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Yes indeed we have

$$\frac{\cot^2\theta-1}{csc^2\theta}=\frac{\frac{\cos^2\theta}{\sin^2\theta}-1}{\frac{1}{\sin^2\theta}}=\cos^2 \theta-\sin^2\theta =\cos (2\theta)\neq csc \theta -1$$

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If $\cos\2theta=\csc\theta-1$

As $\sin\theta\ne0,$

Multiply both sides by $2\sin\theta$ and use http://mathworld.wolfram.com/WernerFormulas.html

$$\sin3\theta-\sin\theta=2-2\sin\theta$$

$$2=\sin3\theta+\sin\theta$$

We need $\sin3\theta=\sin\theta=1$

but $\sin3\theta=3\sin\theta-4\sin\theta=3-4=-1$

Alternatively using http://mathworld.wolfram.com/ProsthaphaeresisFormulas.html

$$2=\sin3\theta+\sin\theta=2\sin2\theta\cos\theta$$

We need $$\sin2\theta=\cos\theta=\pm1$$

But $$\cos\theta=\pm1\implies\sin2\theta=0$$

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