Is my understanding of cardinality of sets of strings correct?

Is my understanding of cardinality of sets of strings correct?

1) A finite set of symbols (containing $$x$$ symbols) and strings of finite length $$n$$ gives us $$x^n$$ finitely many strings.

2) A finite set of symbols (containing $$x$$ symbols) and strings of countably infinite length $$\aleph_0$$ gives us $$x^{\aleph_0}$$ uncountably many strings.

3) A countably infinite set of symbols (containing $$\aleph_0$$ symbols) and strings of finite length $$n$$ gives us $$\aleph_0^n$$ countably infinitely many strings.

4) A countably infinite set of symbols (containing $$\aleph_0$$ symbols) and strings of countably infinite length $$\aleph_0$$ gives us $${\aleph_0}^{\aleph_0}$$ uncountably many strings.

And I've learned that there are countably infinite number of strings of finite lengths given a set of finitely many symbols, which is different from saying $$x^n$$, since it's talking about all values of the finite number $$n$$. Is there a formula to capture this notion in relation to $$x^n$$?

• 2 is wrong unless 1 < x. Simplify the cardinality given in 3. – William Elliot Nov 23 '19 at 15:11
• The correct notation for the cardinality of countably infinite sets is $\aleph_0$; I replaced your $\aleph$ accordingly. – Andrés E. Caicedo Nov 23 '19 at 15:11
• Thank you both. Could you answer the question at the bottom when you get a chance? – csp2018 Nov 23 '19 at 15:15
• @WilliamElliot: Why would it be wrong for $x=1$? As far as I can see, with only one symbol, there is only one string with length $\aleph_0$, and $1^{\aleph_0}=1$. – celtschk Nov 23 '19 at 15:29
• @celtschk I wrote that it would be uncountably many, so I'm assuming it's wrong when x is less than or equal to 1 since there would be 1 string? – csp2018 Nov 23 '19 at 15:34

Apart from the issue about $$x$$ pointed out in the comments, your assertions are correct.
For the last one, if $$X$$ is a finite set of cardinality $$x$$, let $$X^n$$ denote the set of words of length $$n$$ on the alphabet $$X$$ (a finite set of cardinality $$x^n$$, as you observed). Note that, for $$n = 0$$, $$X^0$$ is the singleton containing the empty word. Then the set of all finite words, usually denoted $$X^*$$, is the union $$\bigcup_{n \geqslant 0} X^n$$. As a countable union of finite sets, it is countable, and hence its cardinality is $$1$$ if $$x = 0$$ and $$\aleph_0$$ otherwise.