I have read through answers on this site and they all seem to rely on using the one-point compactification to prove that locally compact Hausdorff spaces are in fact completely regular. I would like to instead prove it more directly from the definition, using this lemma:
Let $X$ be a Hausdorff space. Then $X$ is locally compact iff for any given $x\in X$ and a neighborhood $U$ of $x$, there is a neighborhood $V$ of $x$ such that $\overline V$ is compact and $\overline V\subset U$.
Now, we must show that given $x\in X$ and $A$ closed in $X$ with $x\notin A$, that there exist disjoint neighborhoods $U$ and $V$ that contain $x$ and $A$, respectively.
I am not sure how to proceed. I know that compact sets in a Hausdorff space are closed, and that seems important in the proof, but I don't know how to use that fact. Any hints would be appreciated.