What is the area of the largest trapezoid that can fit into a semicircle with radius $r$ and whose bases are parallel to the diameter of the semi-circle?
First of all, to prove that the trapezoid must be inscribed in the circle, will it suffice to say that if the trapezoid is not inscribed in the circle, then one of its corners can be extended to be on the circle, thereby increasing its area?
Also, I can't seem to eliminate enough variables to only get one variable. I know the maximum area is achieved when the top base is equal to the radius, but I don't know how to show this. If I do manage to prove this, then I don't even think I'll need calculus anymore since I'll have already gotten a formula for the area of the trapezoid in terms of $r.$ As well, I don't know how to use calculus to approach this problem when there are two variables. Obviously, the derivative with respect to the radius should be $0,$ but the derivative with respect to the top base $a$ should be ...?