# What is the Fourier Transform of the spatial portion of $Ψ(x,t)=A\exp(-b|x-2|)\exp(-iwt)$?

What is the Fourier Transform of the spatial portion of $$Ψ(x,t)=A\exp(-b|x-2|)\exp(-iwt)$$?

I tried applying the regular exponential Fourier transform, but not getting it.

Do you just bring out the $$exp(iwt)$$? If so, then how do you integrate the $$exp(-b|x-2|)exp(-ikx)$$ left inside from negative to positive infinity?

Any help will be much appreciated. Thank you very much!

## 2 Answers

It's linear, so the time portion just comes along for the ride. We can use the table here to note that $$\mathcal{F}\left\{e^{-a|x|}\right\}=\frac{2a}{a^2+4\pi^2\xi^2}.$$ This is assuming the unitary, ordinary frequency type of FT. You can use a different column if you're using a different convention. Together with the shifting theorems, that should get you all the way there. Can you continue?

• I have not a clue what that... squiggly E^2 is. Sorry, could you clarify? Thank you! – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:04
• The $\xi$ is the transformed variable of the Fourier Transform. It's the equivalent of $s$ for a Laplace Transform. – Adrian Keister Oct 7 '19 at 16:05
• Oh, thank you, good to know. – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:13
• @ArthurKarapetov it's the greek letter "xi" – user438666 Oct 7 '19 at 16:25

Going straight to the definition of the Fourier transform, we have $$\begin{multline} \mathcal{F}[\Psi](k) = \int_{-\infty}^\infty Ae^{-b|x-2|}e^{iwt}e^{-ikx}dx = Ae^{iwt}\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-b|x-2|}e^{-ikx}dx \\= Ae^{iwt}e^{-2ik}\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-b|u|}e^{-iku}du = 2Ae^{i(wt-2k)}\int_{0}^\infty e^{-bu}\cos(ku)du = \frac{2Abe^{i(wt-2k)}}{b^2+k^2} \end{multline}$$ where the substitution $$u = x-2$$ was used and the parity of the integrand was used to simplify the last integral.

Also, this wave function is normalizable. The normalization integral is $$\begin{multline} \int_{-\infty}^\infty \Psi^*\Psi dx = \int_{-\infty}^\infty \left[A^*e^{-b|x-2|}e^{-iwt}\right]\left[Ae^{-b|x-2|}e^{iwt}\right] dx \\= |A|^2\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-2b|x-2|}dx = |A|^2\int_{-\infty}^\infty e^{-2b|u|}du=\frac{|A|^2}{b}= 1, \end{multline}$$ with the same substitution and parity considerations were used here. So $$A = \sqrt{b}$$.

• Where is the $1/sqrt(2pi)$? And thank you very much, I'm going over it. – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:17
• How did you compute the integral to get $1/b$? for the normalization? – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:18
• And how did you compute the integral exp(-bu)cos(ku) from 0 to infinity? – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:28
• And how does exp(-iku)=cos(ku)? – user707335 Oct 7 '19 at 16:31
• @ArthurKarapetov Note the symmetry of the integral. $e^{-b|u|}\cos(ku)$ is an even function, so its integral over the whole real line is equal to twice the integral over the positive reals. $e^{-b|u|}\sin(ku)$ is an odd function, so its integral over the whole real line is zero. Similarly for the normalization integral, though I skipped over the same $u =x-2$ substitution. I'll make these more explicit in the answer. – eyeballfrog Oct 7 '19 at 16:51