An airline operates a small 10-seat aircraft. It has just made 12 reservations for the next flight: the first 7 bookings will be confirmed at takeoff. Of the 5 other bookings, each of the bookings will be confirmed with probability = 1/2 and independence.
- What is the probability that more than 10 people will arrive at the start?
- Let X be the number of people refused at takeoff. What is the mass function of X?
- What is E [X]?
For the 1st question, I got 6/32. There are 32 possible combinations (2^5) possible for 5 passengers to each either confirm or not. Getting > 10 passengers means 4 or 5 of the final 5 passengers show up. There is one way to get 5 passengers confirmed and 5 ways to get four passengers confirmed for 6 total outcomes with 4 or 5 passengers.
For the 2nd part, I don't really understand the approach, what values can X obtain? X= 2,3,4,5 ? because the number of passengers on the plane can't exceed 10, so they have to refuse at least 2 people, that's what I think.
Can someone explain to me this part please? Thank you.