# Find the Distributional Limit of the Sequence of Distributions

Find the distributional limit of the sequence of distributions

$$F_n=n\delta_{-\frac{1}{n}}-n\delta_{\frac{1}{n}}$$

Hint: $$F_n$$ is the distributional derivative of some function

So far I've tried kind of working backwards towards the definition of the distributional derivative to make use of the hint:

$$F_n=n\delta_{-\frac{1}{n}}-n\delta_{\frac{1}{n}}$$ $$F_n=-$$ $$n\int_{-1/n}^{1/n}\phi'(x) \ dx$$ $$-\int_{\mathbb{R}}f(x)\phi'(x) \ dx$$ $$- \ = \ $$ where
$$f(x) = \begin{cases} -n & \text{-\frac{1}{n}\le x\le\frac{1}{n}} \\ 0 & \text{otherwise} \end{cases}$$

But I'm not sure how to proceed from here and how following this hint got me closer to the answer.

Any help is greatly appreciated!

Take some test function $$\phi$$, then
$$\langle F_n, \phi\rangle = \int n\big(\delta(x+\tfrac 1n) - \delta(x-\tfrac 1n)\big)\phi(x) d x = n\big(\phi(-\tfrac 1n)-\phi(+\tfrac 1n)\big) \overset{n\to\infty}{\longrightarrow} -2\phi'(0)$$
So the limit distribution $$F$$ is the linear functional $$F(\phi) = -2\phi'(0)$$. In particular $$F=2\delta'$$.
• how did you get to $-2\phi'(0)$ for when $n\rightarrow\infty$? – nickoba Sep 29 '19 at 8:55
• @nickoba en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Symmetric_derivative Note that $\phi$ is smooth by assumption. – Hyperplane Sep 29 '19 at 8:57
• the -2 is still throwing me off, could u care to explain that part of it? because wouln't it be $\infty$ instead of -2? – nickoba Sep 30 '19 at 2:17
• @nickoba It is $-2\phi'(0)$ but there was a small sign mistake, which I fixed now. We have $\lim _{h \rightarrow 0} \frac{f(x+h)-f(x-h)}{2 h} = f'(x)$. Substitute $x=0$, $h=1/n$ and $f=\phi$. – Hyperplane Sep 30 '19 at 9:59