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what is the domain of $\frac{1}{\sqrt{x-[x]}}$ where [x] denotes the greatest integer function and find the range .

My approach :

since [x] greatest integer function is discontinuous on all integral value , therefore the domain of this function will be $R^+ -\{Z\}$ where Z is integer and $R^+$ is all real positive numbers. but answer is $R -\{Z\}$ how all real numbers are possible here. please suggest thanks....

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    $\begingroup$ The domain doesn't have anything to do with discontinuities per se. $\endgroup$
    – Arthur
    Sep 1, 2019 at 13:55
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    $\begingroup$ If $x=-\frac52$, what in your opinion is the value of $x-[x]$? $\endgroup$
    – TonyK
    Sep 1, 2019 at 13:55
  • $\begingroup$ -2.5 -(-3) = .5 , ok got it.. thanks.. domain is all Real numbers what about range of this function $\endgroup$
    – Sachin
    Sep 1, 2019 at 14:02
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    $\begingroup$ Since $[x] \leq x$, $x-[x] \geq 0$, so the expression can define a function wherever the denominator is not zero (i.e. whenever $[x] \neq x$). $\endgroup$
    – Joe
    Sep 1, 2019 at 14:02
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    $\begingroup$ To find the range, think about what values the denominator can equal. $\endgroup$
    – Joe
    Sep 1, 2019 at 14:09

2 Answers 2

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Let $f(x)=\dfrac 1{\sqrt{\{x\}}}$ where $\{x\}$ designates the fractional part, it belongs to $[0,1)$.

This comes from the definition of integer part (LHS below): $$\lfloor x\rfloor\le x<\lfloor x\rfloor+1\implies 0\le\{x\}=x-\lfloor x\rfloor<1$$

In particular $\{x\}\ge 0$, even for negative numbers, so $\sqrt{\{x\}}$ is defined everywhere.


First of all notice that your function is $1$-periodic so you can study it on $[0,1]$.

Indeed $\{x+1\}=x+1-\lfloor x+1\rfloor=x+1-(\lfloor x\rfloor+1)=x-\lfloor x\rfloor=\{x\}$ so $f$ is $1$-periodic as well.

As you noticed $\{x\}=0$ whenever $x$ is an integer, so the local domain is $(0,1)$ and the global domain extended by periodicity is $\mathbb R\setminus\mathbb Z$.

For the range since on $(0,1)$ we have $0<\{x\}<1$ then we get $f(x)>1$ and the range is thus $(1,+\infty)$.

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Since $x\geq [x]$ then $x-[x]\geq 0$ the equality when $x$ is integer. The greatest integer function maps integers into integers and non integers to the closet least integer.

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