I'm doing a physics problem and I'm stuck on something that should be easy by now but yet I can't figure out how to solve this neatly. I've tried completing the square and the quadratic formula but the results get really ugly.

\begin{align}m_av_a^2&=m_a(v_a')^2+m_b(v_b')^2\\ m_av_a&=m_av_a'+m_bv_b'\end{align}

The two unknowns are $v_a'$ and $v_b'$ but I only need $v_b'$. According to the notes the answer should be


I don't see how $v_a'$ vanishes here. The answer I got was


Any help is welcome.


From the second equation we get $$v_a-\frac{m_b}{m_a}v_b'=v_a'$$

Plugging this in the first equation we get $$m_av_a^2=$$ $$m_a\left(v_a-\frac{m_b}{m_a}v_b'\right )^2+m_bv_b'^2$$ Simplifying we get $$0=\frac{m_b^2}{m_a}v_b'^2-2m_bv_b'v_a+m_bv_b'^2$$ we get $$v_b'=\frac{2m_am_bv_a}{m_b^2+m_am_b}$$


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