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In the figure below, the rectangle has dimensions a x b and is tiled by squares. This is the smallest possible rectangle that can be tiled by squares in this manner.

enter image description here

a) write the continued fraction for $a/b$

b) find the value of $a+b$

Can someone please explain how i'd break this up? For part a, I am thinking that $b=6x$

$x=4y$

So $b=24y$

Is this correct? I've never seen a question like this before.

I don't know how to solve this, can someone please help? thanks

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For a rectangle with side lengths $a$ and $b$, with $a\gt b$, a square dissection of this form can be converted to a simple continued fraction for $a/b$ by counting the number of squares at each stage, in decreasing size, and using those values in the continued fraction.

(Note: a simple continued fraction is one where the numerators are all $1$.)

We have:
$\color{red}1\;$ white square
$\color{red}5\;$ light grey squares
$\color{red}1\;$ black square
$\color{red}4\;$ dark grey squares

Which leads to the following continued fraction: $$\frac{a}{b} = \color{red}1 + \cfrac{1}{\color{red}5 + \cfrac{1}{\color{red}1 + \cfrac{1}{\color{red}4}}}$$

To calculate $a$ and $b$ in this instance it's easy enough to evaluate the continued fraction:

$$\frac{a}{b} = 1 + \cfrac{1}{5 + \cfrac{1}{1 + \cfrac{1}{4}}} = 1 + \cfrac{1}{5 + \cfrac{1}{\frac{5}{4}}} = 1 + \cfrac{1}{5 + \cfrac{4}{5}} = 1 + \cfrac{1}{\frac{29}{5}} = 1 + \frac{5}{29} = \frac{34}{29}$$

So we have $a/b = 34/29$, and hence $a+b=63$.

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