So here is a basic probability problem and its answer which I extracted from a MIT tutorial:
Suppose that in front of you are two bowls, labeled A and B. Each bowl contains five marbles. Bowl A has 1 blue and 4 yellow marbles. Bowl B has 3 blue and 2 yellow marbles. Now choose a bowl at random and draw a marble uniformly at random from it. Based on your existing knowledge of probability, how likely is it that you pick a blue marble? How about a yellow marble? Out of the 10 marbles you could choose from, 4 are blue. So the probability of choosing a blue marble is 4 out of 10.
My question is - why would you consider picking from either bowl the same as picking from a single bowl containing all 10 marbles. If the marbles are in two bowls, even if you are free to pick from either bowl, the moment you choose a bowl, your sample space is now restricted to the number of marbles in that bowl and not all the marbles - isn't it? Could someone please help me understand this? Thanks in advance.