Here is an example from the book Groups, Graphs, and Trees (Ignore example 1.15; I accidently included it in my snippet of the pdf):
From my understanding, the symmetry group of a graph $\Gamma$ consists of all bijections $f : V(\Gamma) \to V(\Gamma)$ such that $v,w$ are adjacent vertices if and only if $f(v),f(w)$ are adjacent vertices. So, to construct the symmetry group $Sym(\Gamma)$, we just need to look at the ways which we can map vertices to vertices in such a way that adjacency is preserved.
However, in this example, the author is merely looking at the ways to permute the edges. Strictly speaking, elements in $Sym(\Gamma)$ don't act on edges. Is there another notion of symmetry ("edge" symmetry) which corresponds to the usual symmetry ("vertex" symmetry)? Correspond to in the sense that the "edge" symmetry group is isomorphic to the "vertex" symmetry group?